Library Coq.Classes.DecidableClass

A typeclass to ease the handling of decidable properties.

A proposition is decidable whenever it is reflected by a boolean.
Alternative ways of specifying the reflection property.
The generic function that should be used to program, together with some useful tactics.

Definition decide P {H : Decidable P} := Decidable_witness (Decidable:=H).

Ltac _decide_ P H :=
  let b := fresh "b" in
  set (b := decide P) in *;
  assert (H : decide P = b) by reflexivity;
  clearbody b;
  destruct b; [apply Decidable_sound in H|apply Decidable_complete_alt in H].

Tactic Notation "decide" constr(P) "as" ident(H) :=
  _decide_ P H.

Tactic Notation "decide" constr(P) :=
  let H := fresh "H" in _decide_ P H.

Some usual instances.

Require Import Bool Arith ZArith.

Program Instance Decidable_eq_bool : forall (x y : bool), Decidable (eq x y) := {
  Decidable_witness := Bool.eqb x y

Program Instance Decidable_eq_nat : forall (x y : nat), Decidable (eq x y) := {
  Decidable_witness := Nat.eqb x y

Program Instance Decidable_le_nat : forall (x y : nat), Decidable (x <= y) := {
  Decidable_witness := Nat.leb x y

Program Instance Decidable_eq_Z : forall (x y : Z), Decidable (eq x y) := {
  Decidable_witness := Z.eqb x y